China's auto industry is deeply immersed in the "big but not strong" cycle

Abstract China, which ranks first in the world in terms of new vehicle production and sales for five consecutive years, has become the world's largest automobile country with an annual output of more than 20 million vehicles. What is puzzling is that the strategy of car power is called for many years, and the market is ushered in the festival of China's own brand passenger car share...
China, which ranks first in the world in terms of new vehicle production and sales for five consecutive years, has become the world's largest automobile country with an annual output of more than 20 million vehicles. What is puzzling is that the strategy of car power is called for many years, and the market is welcoming the Chinese car brand's share of the car, which makes the Chinese automobile industry still linger in the "big but not strong" cycle. in.

What is the breakthrough to solve this situation? It is a component. Ye Shengji, deputy secretary-general of the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers, said that we have been late on strengthening the auto parts industry, but this is still a must.

On May 20th, led by China Association of Automobile Manufacturers, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the National Development and Reform Commission, and the Development Research Center of the State Council participated in the participation of major domestic automakers, key auto parts companies, and related universities and research institutions and relevant branches of the China Automobile Association. The project start-up and program review meeting of the auto parts development strategy and planning research was held in Beijing. The participants reached a consensus through the discussion and discussion of the topic: carrying out the research on the strategic planning of auto parts development is the theoretical basis for realizing the strategy of China's automobile power. It is an important way to promote the healthy development of the domestic zero-relationship relationship and a powerful means to enhance the independent innovation capability of China's auto parts industry.

Self-owned brand vehicle demand is a foothold

As we all know, auto parts are the foundation of the automotive industry. In the global automotive industry value chain, the value of auto parts has accounted for 50% of the total value chain. The experience of the world's advanced automobile countries also shows that the automobile power must first be a strong country for auto parts, Germany, the United States, Japan, France, Italy and Korea. Without exception, the competitiveness of the parts industry represents the level of automobile manufacturing in the country. .

According to a set of data provided by China Automotive Engineering Research Institute, in mature markets such as Europe and the United States, the ratio of the output value of complete vehicles and parts is about 1:1.7, while the current value in China is only 1:1, which is a gap with the automobile industry. Obviously, the low concentration of the domestic auto parts industry is currently facing the dilemma. According to incomplete statistics, there were about 30,000 auto parts companies in China in 2013, with an output value of 2 trillion yuan. The average annual output value of each enterprise is less than 70 million yuan. The domestic market share of the top 10 parts and components enterprises is less than 20%. The lack of backbone components enterprises is an important reason for the imbalance of the zero-crossing relationship of domestic enterprises at this stage.

What are the opportunities for component companies? Where is the breakthrough in the development of the automotive industry? Is it necessary for leading companies to take the lead in integrating upstream and downstream industry chain relationships? There must be a new way of organizing these, with a clear roadmap and timetable for development. Wang Changlin, director of the Institute of Industrial Economic Development of the National Development and Reform Commission, said at the meeting that in the development of ideas, we must focus on making the automobile industry bigger and stronger, so that it truly becomes the pillar industry of the national economy.

Zhao Fuquan, dean of the Institute of Automotive Industry and Technology Strategy of Tsinghua University, said that China's overall understanding of the automobile powerhouse is not enough. At present, it is a big challenge and a greater opportunity for domestic parts and components enterprises. "Taking the most recent and most realistic Korean automobile industry as an example, Korean autos are going abroad and are followed by auto parts and parts companies. At present, many parts and components companies in China are exploring the overseas market with their own efforts. The strength of the component companies needs to be supported by the whole vehicle company," he said.

Zhao Fuquan's point of view was echoed by the participants. It is generally believed that the automobile power should first be a strong country for automobile vehicles, and the demand of China's own brand vehicle enterprises is the foothold of this topic. It is unrealistic to want to achieve a comprehensive breakthrough in the parts industry in the short term. It is necessary to understand the position of China's auto industry in the world auto industry structure, so that local independent brand enterprises have the ability to control innovative parts and components enterprises. In order to solve the fundamental problem of parts companies serving their own brands and serving local enterprises.

China Automobile Association will lead the establishment of the Parts Cooperation and Development Working Committee

This time, the topic of "Automobile Parts Development Strategy and Planning Research" was put forward. Based on the specific research objectives, it is based on industrial guidance and decision support, comprehensively systematically researching the development status of domestic and international auto parts industry, and objectively analyzing the weak roots of China's parts industry. To study and determine the overall thinking and development direction of China's auto parts, and to formulate the strategic development plan for China's auto parts industry in the next 5 to 10 years, put forward the practical development path of industrial transformation and upgrading, and lay a solid foundation for realizing China's auto industry power strategy. .

Ye Shengji introduced that the main research contents of this project include: analysis of the status quo of domestic and international auto parts development, analysis of China's auto parts development path, development of China's auto parts development strategy, and special development planning of core parts. Through the implementation of the project to build an industry platform based on auto parts, establish a comprehensive and detailed and time-sensitive dynamic update mechanism for data and information, and finally form a consultation report on "Automobile Parts Development Strategic Planning Research" to complete more than 30 parts and components. The company's effective research, completed the case analysis of 3 to 5 typical foreign parts companies.

In order to support the research of this industry issue, China Association of Automobile Manufacturers will lead the relevant backbone enterprises, research institutes, world-class foreign component suppliers, parts and components industry bases and related branches of China Automobile Association to build Chinese cars. The Parts Cooperation and Development Working Committee has a number of research directions, including passenger cars, commercial vehicles, new energy, foreign-funded enterprises, listed companies, and private enterprises, in order to study and promote all major developments in the automotive industry from a national strategic perspective. matter.

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